WHAT IS E-WASTE?
E-waste is one of the world's fastest-growing trash streams. India currently produces nearly 50 million tonnes of it per year, and the number is going to rise as electronic products become more widely available. E-waste, or electronic garbage, refers to obsolete, unwanted, or defective electrical and electronic equipment. That includes everything from smartphones to refrigerators that have reached the end of their useful lives.
E-waste contains a laundry list of compounds that are hazardous to humans and the environment, including mercury, lead, beryllium, brominated flame retardants, and cadmium, to name a few. These chemicals get up in our land, water, and air when electronics are mismanaged during disposal. Because electronic devices contain the most lethal chemicals and metal, e-waste is far more toxic than much other municipal garbage. Long-term exposure to these chemicals harms the brain, kidney, bone systems, and the reproductive and endocrine systems.
What is E Waste Management and How to achieve it?
E Waste Management is the technique of collecting the e-waste, recycling, reuse, and disposal it in an environmental friendly manner to minimize its harmful impact on environment and human health. E-Waste management has become a major challenge as it directly affects human health and the environment, and this is happening due to the lack of awareness. The growing problem of E-waste calls for greater emphasis on recycling E-waste and better E-management.
Proper control over the material used in the manufacturing process is important to reduce waste generation (Freeman1989). The quantity of waste generated can be reduced by reducing the number of hazardous materials used in the process and the amount of excess raw materials in stock. This can be done in two ways, i.e., establishing material-purchase review and control procedures and inventory tracking system.
TODAY'S ELECTRONIC ------- GADGET
TOMMORROW'S ELECTRONIC -------- WASTE
EPR REGISTRATION FOR MANUFACTURERS & EXPORTERS
The government passed the first law in 2011, based on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), which makes the manufacturer liable for managing the final stage of the life of its product in an eco-friendly way and ensures environmentally sound management. An Extended Producer's Responsibility (EPR) certificate or license is mandatory for every producer/importer producing electric or electrical equipment. It encourages manufacturers to produce environment-friendly products. EPR Authorization is issued by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) under MoEFCC, Government of India.
As per the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016, all the manufacturers of Electrical and Electronics (EEE) products/equipments listed in schedule 1 are responsible for collecting, recycling and disposing the final stage of their EEE product from an authorized dismantler/recycler. As per the guidelines, manufacturers, and importers needs to tie-up with the authorized recycler to dispose of the E-Waste and submit all the plans related to the estimated dump quantity and method adopted for disposal in CPCB to get the EPR Certificate. In short, the product's manufacturer is responsible for the product's ultimate recycling, reuse, or disposal.
EPR - E-Waste (Management) Rules 2022
The Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change issued E-Waste (Management) Rules 2022 on November 2, 2022. This will go into effect on April 1, 2023.
As per this regulation, all manufacturers, producers, refurbishers, and recyclers shall have to register on the portal and collect e-waste generated during the manufacturing, refurbishing, or disposal of any electrical and electronic equipment and ensure its recycling or disposal. The Entities must register on the portal under the appropriate category, such as manufacturer, producer, refurbisher, or recycler. If an entity falls into more than one category, it must register under each category separately. It is illegal for any entity to conduct business without registration.
All entities shall have to file annual and quarterly returns in the prescribed form on the portal on or before the end of the month following the quarter or year to which the return relates.
These regulations shall apply to all manufacturers, producers, refurbishers, dismantlers, and recyclers engaged in the manufacture, sale, transfer, purchase, refurbishment, dismantling, recycling, and processing of e-waste or electrical and electronic equipment listed in Schedule I.
The Central Pollution Control Board may charge registration fees and annual maintenance fees on entities seeking registration under these rules based on the capacity of e-waste generated, recycled or handled by them, as determined by the Central Pollution Control Board with the approval of the Steering Committee.
The producer of electrical and electronic equipment listed in Schedule I must first register on the portal to obtain and implement extended producer responsibility targets as per Schedule III and IV.
Producers who have extended producer responsibility plans under the provisions of the erstwhile E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016, shall migrate under these rules in accordance with the procedure established by the Central Pollution Control Board with the approval of the Steering Committee.
Benefits of EPR Registration Certificate
- EPR promotes the recycling and reuse of the e-waste (Electrical and electronics waste), hence reduces the cost of raw material for the producers/manufacturers.
- EPR ensures the management of e-waste in environmentally friendly manner, hence reduce the harmful impact of e-waste on environment.
- EPR Authorization from Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) enhance the goodwill of the product and brand reputation in the market.
- EPR promotes sustainable development, hence lowers the waste generation and misuse of the natural resources.
MANDATORY PRODUCTS LIST FOR EPR REGISTRATION
The two major product categories that require EPR Authorization are as follows.
- Information Technology and Telecommunication equipment
- Consumer Electrical and Electronics
The process of EPR Authorization or EPR Registration involves the following steps mentioned below:
- Documentation: Applicant needs to prepare all required document with EPR Plan for EPR authorization before submission of the application.
- Filling Application in prescribed format: Applicant needs to fill detailed information in prescribed application form with EPR plan.
- Offline submission of application: Applicant need to submit offline application with detailed information of producer and EPR plan to concerned department.
- Scrutiny of application: CPCB official will scrutinize the application and EPR plan is evaluated by CPCB for approval. If the documents presented are incomplete then CPCB official may respond with checklist within 25 days for clarification purpose.
- Grant of EPR approval: Chairman of CPCB shall approve the EPR plan as scrutinized by concerned officials. After approval of EPR plan, the divisional head issues the EPR authorization.
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR EPR REGISTRATION
The following documents are required to be submitted along with Form-1:
- Address proof documents of the Manufacturer/Importer.
- GST Certificate with address of Manufacturing Unit.
- Copy of documents/certificate of Company Registrar or Directorate of Company, or Import Export code letter.
- Copies of agreement document with dealers, collection centers, dismantlers, recyclers, treatment, storage and disposal facilities (TSDFs) etc.
- Self-declaration for compliance of RoHS in prescribed format.
- The technical documents (supplier declaration- description of product, document for materials, parts, and/or sub-assemblies and analytical test result)
- Copy of the permissions/licenses from the relevant ministry/department for marketing various products or for doing the business as given below:
- TIN details
- PAN details
- Incorporation certificate
- Copy IEC in case of importers
- Copy of authorization issued by the SPCBs/PCCs
- Documents related to EPR plan.
- Details of proposed awareness programmes and allied initiatives.
- Estimated budget earmarked for Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)
CPCB shall provide EPR authorization within 120 days of receiving a complete application, as per E-Waste regulations. In case of incomplete application, the CPCB may verify the application and respond with a check list within 25 days.
Note: Agreement will be signed for 1 year, and the Certificate granted will be valid for 5 years.